It has 170,000 inhabitants, being considered as the third largest city of Norway since with the surrounding populations reaches 250,000. This city was founded in the 10th century, when it had a good trade. Also during the Middle Ages, it was capital and episcopal seat.
It is located on the coast, the fjords being one of its greatest attractions. It is situated on the banks of the river Nid and was the scene of mythical battles, with looting and fires, although reborn among the ashes, but the fires were something that happened frequently in the Scandinavian cities, formed by buildings built in wood for the most part.
To emphasize its cathedral of Nidaros, curiously of stone, very rare thing, since there are numerous churches, all constructed in wood, just like the houses. Destroyed by several fires and restorations, they changed their appearance until in the nineteenth century it was decided to finance their restoration to the original model. It is now a Lutheran temple.
It is considered as the main Christian temple in Norway and second in size of Scandinavian, as well as the masterpiece of the Norse Gothic. It was built in the middle ages and was originally catholic, since it contained the tomb of San Olaf, so it was Also a center of pilgrimage. It has been archbishop’s seat from 1152 to 1537.
The best time to visit is the summer, in winter temperatures reach 15 degrees below zero (which is also not so much for what is carried in these countries) as it benefits from the currents of the gulf and has a very Benign for it.
It is a city that we especially liked. Part of it is built on an island, which is accessed by a long bridge. A part of the city is on the mainland and others on islands, joined by bridges. To see it and spend a night in it we had to stray from our natural path, but it was well worth it.
It has about 70,000 inhabitants. It is composed of several districts and islands, some of them uninhabited.
The docks and port area has great relevance in the city. It has an important trade and is cultural and university center. This makes during the course there is an increase in student population of about 75,000.
It has several museums, some dedicated to the North Pole, a great library, a very active life.
It is Episcopal see of the Church of Norway. In the general picture you can see on the right the church called the arctic cathedral, built as a lapona tent, built in a residential neighborhood, before crossing the great bridge that connects the two areas of the city. It was built in 1965 and is actually a parish church, although it has been termed as “cathedral”, was designed by Jan Inge Hovig and is made of white concrete.
This church called in Norwegian Tromsdalen Kirke has a certain resemblance to the Opera House, Sydney. Its construction was located in the residential district of the continent and it is reached by crossing a bridge of more than 1 km.
As a retable has a large stained glass, considered the largest in Europe, with 23 m. Of height and 140 m2 of surface, enjoying therefore enjoys much light in the interior. The various bodies of which it is composed have glass panels that let you get a lot of light into the interior.
What really is the cathedral of Tromso is a wooden church, beige-brown, classic style, considered the largest cathedral built in wood Scandinavia.- It has 750 seats and was built in 1861. Tromso has always been the city from which the expeditions to the North Pole were undertaken and the South has a Polar Museum with a huge exhibition on them during the 14th and 20th centuries, with original base stations, equipment, materials used and a part dedicated to the Expeditions of Amjundsen, Nobile, Nansen and Andrée.
It is considered as the starting point for the conquests of the Poles, which were made a hundred years ago and in that conquest died several adventurers and expeditionaries who had to fight against the cold, hunger and exhaustion to achieve their goal.
There are many monuments that recall this conquest. The search for the North Pole begins in the first half of the nineteenth century. There were several failures, the Polaris expedition for example, but this did not discourage adventurers and financiers. It was at the beginning of the twentieth century when these expeditions struck most strongly among the adventurers, namely Cook and Peary, who went together to an expedition in 1898, which failed, by the way.
In 1908 Cook left his expedition companion in a village and returned fourteen months later claiming to have achieved his goal, but did not provide evidence and his reputation was destroyed.
Roald Amundsen organized a Norwegian expedition to Antarctica in the early twentieth century. In principle it was organized to go to the North Pole, but when knowing that Peary had already arrived changed its objective and it went to the South Pole, that still had not been reached. They arrived 100 years ago in a boat called Fram.
A month later Scott’s expedition arrived, they would die during the return. Amundsen was also the first to cross the Northwest Passage, which linked the Atlantic to the Pacific and participated in the first aerial expedition that flew over the North Pole.
Amundsen began forging his legend as an explorer in 1911 by defeating Scott in the South Pole race. The choice of means of transport – Greenlandian dog-drawn thrusts against Mongolian horses – was crucial in Amundsen’s victory, which sacrificed several dogs before reaching the pole and stored the meat for the return, reducing weight and securing food to the rest of Dogs on the way back.
Scott’s horses were not so accustomed to extreme temperatures and they had to carry sacks of oats to feed themselves, increasing their weight: they all died and the British expedition had to fend for itself.
Tromso also has a major university, founded in 1972, known for its important research in the field of medicine, economics, physics and philology, as well as a higher institute for the study of fishing and a radar that is the most important in the world , For the study of the northern lights.
Tromso has vestiges of the iron age and was populated by Germanic and Samis at that time. It was important in the time of the middle age and they were dedicated to the fishing. Now people prefer to find out more about popular casino games instead of fishing but the culture of this pastime is still as strong as ever.
Many expeditions to the North Pole have taken place in Tromso in previous centuries.
Let’s not forget the capital. It is a beautiful city. It has an old part, with buildings like those of the photos, where people walk and there are also commercial center and parks. Also the port, where docking important cruises, like the “Queen Mary” that was when we arrived. There is another area where several modern buildings are being built. Many of them for offices, business and modern hotels, of the most important chains. However, Oslo is always talked extensively about, so I am not gonna bore you with more details.
So, let’s travel to Norway?